Resistance Training & Program Design part 1B

Posted by on Feb 15, 2013 in Program Design | 0 comments

In the first of this series that I kicked off yesterday, I outlined the seven variables for resistance training program design, and covered the first part of the needs analysis, the evaluation of the sport.  Today we’re going to talk about the second part.

Assessment of the Athlete

The CSCS needs to profile the athlete’s needs and goals by evaluating training and injury status, conducting a variety of tests, and determining the primary goal for training.  To do this, you want to gather information on their current training status and history, evaluate their physical fitness, and set a goal.

Training Status
An athlete’s training status is their current level of physical preparedness, and is an important consideration when designing a new program.  You can’t figure out what to do next unless you know where you’re at right?  Pretty common sense here.

Some good things to know would be the type of training done previously, whether sprint training, plyometric, resistance, etc.  The level of intensity of the program, and the level of technique required to perform the exercises, and how regularly such training programs were followed.

Physical Testing and Evaluation
Everyone comes in different shapes and sizes, with different capabilities.  Strength, flexibility, power, speed, muscular endurance, body composition, cardiovascular endurance are a few attributes to consider.  Chapters 11 & 12 cover many of these testing and evaluation techniques (you can also find a table of standards on

Primary Resistance Training Goal
Last step to all this is setting a goal for the resistance training.  Is the athlete a football lineman during the off-season or a cross-country runner in the middle of active season?  These two scenarios would benefit from two very different resistance training programs, and it’s up to the CSCS to know the difference.

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